• Neuropathologist, Dr. Ann McKee, has examined the brains of 111 NFL players — and 110 were found to have Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), the degenerative disease linked to repeated blows to the head.

  • Dominic Hurley is regularly mistaken for being drunk and it has led to him getting arrested. His slurred speech and poor balance is actually a result of a brain injury caused by a moped crash while he worked abroad. "You can work hard to raise awareness but you may not reach every police officer and that is where the ID card comes in," says Hurley. He says three arrests have seen him separated from friends, dragged from cars, and his hands forced behind his back - harsh treatment that made him feel like a "common criminal". "Each time I was just seen as another drunk. I wasn't given much of an interview at all."

  • Thanks to research on boxers and football players, both athletes and the public are becoming more aware of the dangers of sports-related head injuries. Yet there is little data on female participants. "We classically have always known the male response to brain injury," says Mark Burns, at Georgetown University. But there have been remarkably few studies of females. The bias runs throughout the scientific literature, even in studies of mice.

  • The launch of new identity cards for people with brain injuries comes as welcome relief for survivors in the UK. Prince Harry has launched the new initiative with Headway, a UK-wide charity that works to improve life after brain injury.

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